Singapore Black Pepper Crabs Recipe!

Recipe Revised and Updated 16 Aug 2021
First published Feb 19 2016

Black Pepper Crabs
Black Pepper Crab with Korean Sweet Potato Vermicelli

Behold, my black pepper crabs recipe! After watching the video, you might be wondering, “is it really so simple?”

Yes it is.

Some people have suggested that I should have deep fried or steamed the crab first, then melted the butter and fry the shallots and garlic etc etc.  Well, there are many styles of black pepper crabs but the one that my wife likes most is the one from Eng Seng at Joo Chiat Place. And since I am cooking this dish for her, I had to make sure that it is as close to theirs as possible.

My reaction is the same as yours the first time I saw the way they make this dish.  Theirs is an open kitchen, so on the way to the toilets, you can observe how their crabs are cooked.  Everything just goes into the wok and it is cooked until the gravy is reduced.  This makes a lot of sense when you think about it, as all of the crab juices goes into the gravy, giving it that crustacean sweetness and flavour!

This way of cooking also means that you can easily replicate it at home.  You can even cook it in a large pot or a saucepan!  So it is a dish everyone can cook at home with excellent results.  I have included a short video on how to prep the crabs as well so that you know how to properly kill and chop up the crabs.

The recipe for the sauce is something which I concocted after several trials.  It might not be exactly the same as Eng Seng, but it was good enough for my wife to say that she wanted me to cook it again soon!  So for me at least,  it’s “Mission Accomplished!”


1 Crab  1-1.5kg

Group A

Black peppercorn 15g
White pepper 10g (increase to 15 g if you want more heat)
Shallots 5 (50g) chopped
Garlic 3 cloves (30g) chopped

Group B – Sauce mix 
Oyster sauce 1 Tbsp
Cooking Caramel/Black soy sauce 1 Tbsp
Kicap manis  1 Tbsp
Maggie seasoning 1 tsp (optional)
Hon-dashi powder 1 Tbsp (or chicken stock powder)
Sugar 2 Tbsp (adjust to taste)
Water 1/4 cup

Group C
Butter 60g (1/4 block)  (You can use less if you wish)
Cornflour 1 Tbsp dissolved in water

Group D Garnishing
Coriander leaves

Optional Extra
1. Korean Sweet Potato Vermicelli (Soak in boiling water for 5 mins to soften) Leave extra sauce in a bowl or it will soak it all up
2. Red Peppercorns (1/2 Tbsp will give it a floral aroma)
3. Sichuan Peppercorns (1 tsp will give it a numbing effect)
4. XO Brandy (1/4 cup at the end will give it that lux flavour!)


1.  Place your crabs in the freezer for 1 – 2  hours to anaesthetize them. Alternatively, you can place them in an ice water bath with salt for 10mins. Once they are dormant,  clean and chop up the crabs.
2.  Toast and grind the black and white peppercorns and set aside.  (You can buy ready ground pepper but it may not have the same punch.
3.Heat the wok and fry the shallots first till light brown and then add garlic and fry till fragrant.
4. Add 500ml of water, butter, sauce and ground peppercorn.  Add the crabs and enough water to cover 80% of the crabs.  Stir to mix well bring to a simmer and cover for the first 10mins.
5. Remove the crabs and set them aside.
6. Add vermicelli into the sauce and simmer for 5 mins.  Once the vermicelli is ready, drain and place on a serving dish.
7.  If not using vermicelli, add some corn slurry to the sauce and simmer to reduce to thicken.
8.  Add the crabs and scallions to the sauce and toss to coat evenly.
9.  Arrange crab on the serving dish and serve!

Here is the video on how to prepare your crabs!

For instructions on how to choose crabs, please see my tutorial on how to choose good meaty crabs!

Other similar seafood recipes to check out:
Salted Egg Sotong
Salted Egg Prawns
XO Har Loke Prawns
Soy Sauce Prawns
Chilli Crabs 

Places to eat Crab:
Roland Restaurant
Ubin Kitchen
Siang Hee Seafood
Majestic Restaurant
Crab At Bay

Check out what to make during CNY:
18 CNY Dishes to Usher in the New Year

Disclosure: Some links above are affiliate links, meaning, at no additional cost to you, a small commission is earned if you click through and make a purchase.

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Would be a better idea to kill the crab instantly instead of freezing? Thawing or hardening the meat slightly without defreezing and steam might affect the texture, what do you think?

You’re just stunning the crab by putting it in the freezer for 30 minutes, but you haven’t frozen the crab at that point. Consider: if you are making ice in an ice cube tray, the ice hasn’t even formed by then. Plus, the way Dr Tay recommended is also more humane:)

Really? Let’s try put you in the fridge for 30 minutes and see what happens 😉 Yes you are right the ice hasn’t formed in 30 minutes, but if you look into the microscope there might be tiny ice crystals forming, which could affect the meat texture slightly, just saying. Being humane in killing yet inhumane by consuming poultry, meat or crustaceans is just rubbing salt on the wound lol

P.S: Note that I said thawing or hardening the meat slightly, not freezing the crab meat.

thanks for this recipe! i live in australia and was really missing the eng seng black pepper crab so i cooked this and it’s sooooo good!! thank you

Glad you enjoy it!

I followed your recipe and it was good. I added less sugar and added mirin instead and it was quite good. I don’t have Hon-dashi powder so i added Ti-Poh powder instead and a bit of chicken stock. Great recipe Dr Tay.

I wish i could post a pic. Nice recipe

Is it okay to use crab that has already been cooked?

If use chicken stock powder then it will be 1tbsp? Or same 2tbsp?

Hi. May i know black soya sauce is Thicker black soya sauce or thin saltier black soya sauce?

Thanks For Sharing this Amazing Recipe. My Family Loved It. I will be sharing this Recipe with my Friends. Hope They will like it.

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